Birds

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Who would have thought that there are an astounding 400 species of birds roaming around our tiny tropical island of Singapore, not counting the birds kept in captivity in the zoo and bird park!

It is our life’s goal to encounter most, if not all, of these elusive winged-creatures, and perhaps capture a shot or two of them in compromising poses.

Here are a few that we have been lucky enough to meet on our hiking adventures.
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Family Nectariniidae (sunbirds and spiderhunters)

Olive-backed Sunbird (Cinnyris jugularis)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis)
Sighted: Changi Coast, Gardens by the Bay, MacRitchie Reservoir Park, SentosaTelok Blangah Hill Park, Thomson Nature Park, Woodlands Waterfront Park

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Crimson Sunbird (Aethopyga siparaja)
Sighted: Botanic GardensBukit Batok Nature Park, Central Catchment Park Connector, Dairy Farm Nature ParkMacRitchie Reservoir ParkSungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Copper-throated Sunbird (Leptocoma calcostetha)
Sighted: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Little Spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostra)
Sighted: Bukit Batok Nature Park, Thomson Nature Park

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Family Zosteropidae (white-eyes)

Swinhoe’s White-eye (Zosterops simplex)
Sighted: Bay East Garden, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Gardens by the Bay

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Family Cisticolidae (cisticolas and allies)

Ashy Tailorbird (Orthotomus rifuceps)
Sighted: Botanic GardensGardens by the BayJurong Eco GardenKranji Marshes, Pasir Ris ParkSerangoon ReservoirSungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius)
Sighted: Bay East Garden, Botanic Gardens, Pasir Ris Park, Springleaf Nature Park

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Dark-necked Tailorbird (Orthotomus atrogularis)
Sighted: MacRitchie Reservoir Park

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Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis)
Sighted: Lakeside Garden

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Family Rhipiduridae (fantails)

Malaysian Pied Fantail (Rhipidura javanica)
Sighted: Botanic GardensGardens by the BayJurong Eco GardenLabrador Nature Reserve, Lakeside Garden

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Family Estrildidae (estrildid finches)

Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata)
Sighted: Coney Island, Dairy Farm Nature ParkJurong Eco-GardenKallang Riverside Park, Labrador Nature Reserve, Lakeside GardenMacRitchie Reservoir

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Chestnut Munia (Lonchura atricapilla)
Sighted: Coney Island, Lakeside Garden, Lim Chu Kang

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White-headed Munia (Lonchura maja)
Sighted: Coney Island

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Crimson-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda rhodopyga)
Sighted: Coney Island

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Orange-cheeked Waxbill (Estrilda melpoda)
Sighted: Bishan Park

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Cut-throat Finch (Amadina fasciata)
Sighted: Lakeside Garden

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Family Fringillidae (finches)

Yellow-fronted Canary (Crithagra mozambica)
Sighted: Bay East Garden

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Family Acrocephalidae (reed warblers)

Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis)
Sighted: Bishan Park, Gardens By The Bay

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Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang

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Family Phylloscopidae (leaf warblers)

Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis)
Sighted: Bidadari Park, Lakeside Garden

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Family Motacillidae (wagtails and pipits)

Red-throated Pipit (Anthus cervinus)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang

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Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus)
Sighted: Lakeside Garden, Lazarus Island

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White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang

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Gray Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang

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Family Ploceidae (weavers and relatives)

Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang, Lorong Halus

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Golden-backed Weaver (Ploceus jacksoni)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang, Lorong Halus

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Family Laniidae (shrikes)

Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach)
Sighted: Lorong Halus Wetland

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Tiger Shrike (Lanius tigrinus)
Sighted: Bidadari ParkBotanic Gardens, Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Bay East Garden, Bidadari Park, Gardens By The BayJurong Eco-GardenKent Ridge ParkKranji Marshes, Lakeside Garden, Pasir Ris Park, Tampines Eco Green

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Family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers)

Oriental Magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Coney Island, HortParkJurong Eco-GardenLabrador Nature Reserve, Lakeside Garden, Lazarus Island, MacRitchie Reservoir Park, Pasir Ris ParkSentosaTampines Eco Green

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Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher (Rhinomyias brunneatus)
Sighted: Bidadari Park

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Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica)
Sighted: Bidadari Park, Botanic Gardens, Gardens By The Bay, Woodlands Waterfront Park

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Taiga Flycatcher (Ficedula albicilla)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia)
Sighted: Bidadari Park, Gardens By The Bay

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Zappey’s Flycatcher (Cyanoptila cumatilis)
Sighted: Bidadari Park

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Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola maurus)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang

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Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Family Aegithinidae (ioras)

Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia)
Sighted: Bay East Garden, Bidadari Park, Kranji Marshes, Lakeside Garden, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Family Picidae (woodpeckers)

Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum)
Sighted: Botanic GardensMacRitchie Reservoir Park

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Common Flameback (Dinopium javanense)
Sighted: Botanic GardensLabrador Nature Reserve, Pasir Ris Park, Thomson Nature Park

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Male Laced Woodpecker (Picus vittatus)
Sighted: Botanic GardensGardens By The BayJurong Eco-Garden, Tampines Eco Green

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Female Laced Woodpecker (Picus vittatus)
Sighted: Bidadari Park, Gardens By The BayJurong Eco-Garden, Pasir Ris ParkTampines Eco Green

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Rufous Woodpecker (Micropternus brachyurus)
Sighted: Gardens By The BayJurong Eco-Garden, Pasir Ris Park, Tampines Eco Green

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Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker (Yungipicus moluccensis)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Gardens by the Bay, Pasir Ris Park

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Family Dicaeidae (flowerpeckers)

Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum cruentatum)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Fisherman’s Trail, MacRitchie ReservoirSungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Orange-bellied Flowerpecker (Dicaeum trigonostigma)
Sighted: Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls)

Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)
Sighted: Botanic GardensChestnut Nature ParkKent Ridge Park

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Sooty-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster)
Sighted: Coney Island, Tampines Eco Green

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Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Olive-winged Bulbul (Pycnonotus plumosus)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Dairy Farm Nature ParkMacRitchie ReservoirSentosa

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Straw-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus zeylanicus)
Sighted: Bukit Timah Nature ReserveChestnut Nature Park, Dairy Farm Nature ParkHortPark

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Asian Red-eyed Bulbul (Pycnonotus brunneus)
Sighted: Jelutong Tower

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Cream-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus simplex)
Sighted: Jelutong Tower

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Family Chloropseidae (leafbirds)

Blue-winged Leafbird (Chloropsis cochinchinensis)
Sighted: Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Greater Green Leafbird (Chloropsis sonnerati)
Sighted: Jelutong Tower

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Family Irenidae (fairy bluebirds)

Asian Fairy-bluebird (Irena puella)
Sighted: Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Family Coraciidae (rollers)

Oriental Dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis)
Sighted: Bidadari ParkBotanic GardensChestnut Nature ParkJurong Eco-GardenKent Ridge ParkLabrador Nature ReserveMacRitchie Reservoir Park, SentosaTampines Eco Green, Thomson Nature Park

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Family Alcedinidae (kingfishers)

Collared Kingfishers (Todiramphus chloris)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Hindhede Quarry, Lakeside GardenSungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnencis)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)
Sighted: Bishan Park, Botanic Gardens, Gardens By The BayJurong Eco-Garden, Lakeside Garden, Lim Chu Kang, Pasir Ris Park, West Coast Park

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Blue-eared Kingfisher (Alcedo meninting)
Sighted: Hindhede Quarry, Jurong Eco-Garden, MacRitchie Reservoir

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Ruddy Kingfisher (Halcyon coromanda)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang

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Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata)
Sighted: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Family Meropidae (bee-eaters)

Blue-tailed Bee-eater (Merops philippinus)
Sighted: Bishan Park, Changi Coast, Lazarus Island, Lim Chu Kang, Windsor Nature Park

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Blue-throated Bee-eater (Merops viridis)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Botanic GardensKent Ridge Park, Lakeside Garden, Lim Chu Kang, Mount Faber Park, Pasir Ris ParkSerangoon ReservoirWest Coast Park

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Family Megalaimidae (barbets)

Lineated Barbet (Psilopogon lineatus)
Sighted: Jurong Eco-GardenKent Ridge ParkLabrador Nature ReserveMount Faber Park, Telok Blangah Hill Park

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Coppersmith Barbet (Psilopogon haemacephalus)
Sighted: Bidadari ParkJurong Eco-Garden, Lakeside Garden, Lim Chu Kang

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Red-crowned Barbet (Psilopogon rafflesii)
Sighted: Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Family Hirundinidae (swallows)

Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Coney Island, Dairy Farm Nature ParkMacRitchie Reservoir, Serangoon ReservoirSpringleaf Nature Park

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Family Pittidae (pittas)

Mangrove Pitta (Pitta megarhyncha)
Sighted: Bishan Park

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Blue-winged Pitta (Pitta moluccensis)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Tampines

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Hooded Pitta (Pitta sordida)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Family Dicruridae (drongos)

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus)
Sighted: Botanic GardensBukit Batok Nature Park, Bukit Timah Nature ReserveCentral Catchment Park ConnectorChestnut Nature Park, Dairy Farm Nature ParkKent Ridge ParkMount Faber ParkWindsor Nature Park

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Family Monarchidae (monarchs, paradise flycatchers)

Amur Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone incei)
Sighted: Gardens By The Bay

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Blyth’s Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone affinis)
Sighted: Bidadari Park

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Japanese Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Asian Paradise Flycatcher – White Morph
Sighted: Bidadari Park

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Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Family Turdidae (thrushes)

Orange-headed Thrush (Geokichla citrina)
Sighted: Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Family Campephagidae (cuckooshrikes, trillers, minivets and relatives)

Pied Triller (Lalage nigra)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Bay East Garden, Bidadari Park, Coney Island, Lakeside Garden, Lim Chu Kang, Lorong Halus

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Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus)
Sighted: Coney Island

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Family Leiothrichidae (laughingthrushes)

White-crested Laughingthrush (Garrulax leucolophus)
Sighted: Botanic GardensBukit Batok Nature ParkKent Ridge ParkMount Faber Park

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Family Timaliidae (Old World babblers)

Pin-striped Tit-Babbler (Macronus gularis)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Bukit Batok Nature ParkChestnut Nature Park, Thomson Nature Park

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Family Rallidae (rails and relatives)

White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Alexandra Park Connector, Bay East Garden, Bishan ParkBotanic GardensBukit Batok Nature Park, Gardens By The BayJurong Lake Gardens, Serangoon ReservoirTampines Eco Green

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Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea)
Sighted: Lakeside Garden

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Red-legged Crake (Rallina fasciata)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Family Ardeidae (herons, egrets and bitterns)

Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis)
Sighted: Bay East Garden, Bishan Park, Botanic Gardens, Gardens By The BayJurong Lake GardensKallang Riverside Park

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Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus)
Sighted: Lakeside Garden

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Striated Heron (Butorides striata)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Bay East Garden, Botanic GardensConey Island, Gardens By The Bay, Pasir Ris Park, Serangoon ReservoirSungei Buloh Wetland ReserveUpper Seletar Reservoir ParkWest Coast Park, Woodlands Waterfront Park

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Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)
Sighted: Bishan Park, Gardens By The Bay, Kranji MarshesMacRitchie Reservoir ParkSungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Sighted: Bay East Garden, Botanic Gardens, Gardens By The BaySerangoon Reservoir

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Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Pond Heron – non-breeding plumage (Ardeola sp.)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Bishan Park, Botanic Gardens, Gardens By The BayJurong Lake GardensLabrador Nature Reserve

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Chinese Pond Heron (Ardeola bacchus)
Sighted: Bishan Park

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Javan Pond Heron (Ardeola speciosa)
Sighted: Bay East Garden, Bishan Park

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Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Changi Coast, Gardens By The BayJurong Lake GardensMacRitchie Reservoir Park, Pasir Ris ParkSungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Tampines Eco Green

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Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Gardens By The Bay, Labrador Nature Reserve, Lim Chu Kang, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Woodlands Waterfront Park

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Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia)
Sighted: Gardens By The BayKranji Marshes, Lim Chu Kang

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Great Egret (Ardea alba)
Sighted: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus)
Sighted: Bishan Park

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Family Ciconiidae (storks)

Milky Stork (Mycteria cinerea)
Sighted: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)
Sighted: Bishan Park, Kranji Marshes, Lakeside Garden, Lim Chu Kang

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Family Scolopacidae (sandpipers and relatives)

Whimbrels (Numenius phaeopus)
Sighted: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Common Redshank (Tringa totanus)
Sighted: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)
Sighted: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)
Sighted: Lakeside Garden, Lim Chu Kang

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Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)
Sighted: Bay East Garden, Changi Coast, Coney Island, Kranji Marshes, Labrador Nature Reserve, Lakeside Garden, Lim Chu Kang, Serangoon Reservoir, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Woodlands Waterfront Park

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Snipe (Gallinago sp.)
Sighted: Labrador Nature Reserve

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Family Charadriidae (plovers and lapwings)

Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)
Sighted: Kranji Marshes

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Pacific Golden Plover (Pluvialis fulva)
Sighted: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

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Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus)
Sighted: Kranji Marshes, Lakeside Garden

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Masked Lapwing (Vanellus miles)
Sighted: Bay East Garden

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Family Rostratulidae (painted-snipes)

Greater Painted-snipe (Rostratula benghalensis)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Family Anatidae (ducks, geese and swans)

Lesser Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna javanica)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Gardens By The Bay

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Family Podicepidae (grebes)

Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)
Sighted: Lorong Halus

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Family Anhingidae (darters)

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)
Sighted: Hindhede Quarry

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Family Accipitridae (eagles, hawks and relatives)

Grey-headed Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus ichthyaetus)
Sighted: Botanic GardensSpringleaf Nature Park

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Oriental Honey Buzzard – dark morph (Pernis ptilorhyncus)
Sighted: Holland Drive

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Oriental Honey Buzzard – pale morph (Pernis ptilorhyncus)
Sighted: Lakeside Garden

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Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Pasir Ris Park, West Coast Park

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Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus)
Sighted: Changi Coast, Kent Ridge Park, Kranji MarshesLakeside Garden, West Coast Park

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White-bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster)
Sighted: Changi Coast, Gardens By The BayKranji MarshesLabrador Nature ReserveUpper Seletar Reservoir Park

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Changeable Hawk-eagle – pale morph (Spizaetus cirrhatus)
Sighted: Kranji Marshes

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Changeable Hawk-eagle – dark morph (Spizaetus cirrhatus)
Sighted: Bukit Batok Nature Park

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Family Bucerotidae (hornbills)

Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris)
Sighted: Alexandra Park Connector, Botanic Gardens, Changi Coast, Labrador Nature Reserve, Pasir Ris Park

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Family Strigidae (typical owls)

Spotted Wood Owl (Strix seloputo)
Sighted: Pasir Ris Park

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Buffy Fish Owl (Ketupa ketupu)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Lakeside Garden

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Oriental Scops Owl – Rufous Morph (Otus sunia)
Sighted: Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Sunda Scops Owl (Otus lempiji)
Sighted: Pasir Ris Park

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Family Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)

Large-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus)
Sighted: Bidadari Park

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Savanna Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis)
Sighted: Lazarus Island

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Family Psittaculidae (Old World parrots)

Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot (Loriculus galgulus)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Lakeside Garden

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Red-breasted Parakeet (Psittacula alexandri)
Sighted: Changi Coast, Chestnut Nature Park, Gardens By The BayJurong Eco-GardenKallang Riverside Park, Lakeside GardenTampines Eco Green, Thomson Nature Park

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Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Tampines Eco Green, Thomson Nature Park

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Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)
Sighted: Bidadari ParkBishan Park, Coney Island, Gardens By The Bay, Pasir Ris Park

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Family Psittacidae (African and New World parrots)

Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)
Sighted: Pasir Ris Park

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Family Cacatuidae (cockatoos)

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita)
Sighted: Alexandra Park Connector

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Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea)
Sighted: Changi Coast, Labrador Nature Reserve

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Tanimbar Corella (Cacatua goffiniana)
Sighted: Changi Coast, Labrador Nature ReserveWest Coast Park

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Family Oriolidae (Old World orioles)

Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Family Cuculidae (cuckoos)

Chestnut-bellied Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus sumatranus)
Sighted: Jurong Eco-Garden, Thomson Nature Park

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Lesser Coucal (Centropus bengalensis)
Sighted: Kranji Marshes

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Square-tailed Drongo Cuckoo (Surniculus lugubris)
Sighted: Gardens By The Bay, Lakeside Garden

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Rusty-breasted Cuckoo (Cacomantis sepulcralis)
Sighted: Lakeside Garden

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Plaintive Cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus)
Sighted: Gardens By The Bay, Lakeside Garden

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Little Bronze Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx minutillus)
Sighted: Woodlands Waterfront Park

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Indian Cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus)
Sighted: Bidadari Park

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Violet Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus)
Sighted: Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Male Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus)
Sighted: Alexandra Park ConnectorDairy Farm Nature Park, Gardens By The BayWest Coast Park

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Female Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus)
Sighted: Admiralty Park, Bay East Garden, Bishan ParkJurong Eco-Garden

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Family Phasianidae (pheasants and relatives)

Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
Sighted: Labrador Nature Reserve

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Red junglefowl (Gallus gallus)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Bukit Batok Nature ParkKent Ridge ParkLabrador Nature Reserve

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Family Columbidae (pigeons)

Pink-necked Green Pigeon (Treron vernans)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Pied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bicolor)
Sighted: Botanic GardensBukit Timah Nature ReserveJurong Eco-Garden, Lakeside Garden, Pandan Reservoir

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Thick-billed Green Pigeon (Treron curvirostra)
Sighted: Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Red-collared Dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica)
Sighted: Lim Chu Kang

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Spotted Dove (Spilopelia chinensis)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Rock Dove (Columba livia)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica)
Sighted: Bukit Timah Nature ReserveChestnut Nature Park, Dairy Farm Nature Park

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Family Passeridae (Old World sparrows)

Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Family Sturnidae (starlings, mynas, oxpeckers)

Asian Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Daurian Starling (Agropsar sturninus)
Sighted: Lakeside GardenPandan Reservoir

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Common Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens, Dairy Farm Nature ParkHortParkSpringleaf Nature Park, Thomson Nature Park

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Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)
Sighted: Gardens By The Bay

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Balding Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)
Sighted: Botanic Gardens

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Javan Myna (Acridotheres javanicus)
Sighted: Everywhere

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Family Corvidae (crows and relatives)

House Crow (Corvus splendens)
Sighted: Everywhere

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